Who was the first of the colonies to declare their independence from England? If you guess New Hampshire, you would be right. Six months before the Declaration of Independence was signed, New Hampshire was the first to lead the charge. This was not the only area that the state pioneered. In 1833, the first free public library in the United States was established.
There is a ton of historic value in the state of New Hampshire. The size of the state may not be that of many states in the union, but the contributions made to founding the country will always be at the forefront. The state was named by famed Captain John Smith, after the town of Hampshire, England.
There many facts stretching over several centuries. Here are a few of the lesser known facts.
- New Hampshire has a changeable climate, with wide variations in daily and seasonal temperatures. The variations are affected by proximity to the ocean, mountains, lakes or rivers. The state enjoys all four seasons. Summers are short and cool, and the winters are long and cold. Fall is packed with beautiful foliage. The weather station on Mount Washington has recorded some of the coldest temperatures and strongest winds in the continental United States.
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens from Cornish was the first sculptor to design an American coin. His commission became fraught with difficulties related to Saint-Gaudens’ desire for high relief relative to the demands of mass production and use.
- New Hampshire’s state motto is “Live Free or Die”. The motto comes from a statement written by the Revolutionary General John Stark, hero of the Battle of Bennington.
- It takes approximately 40 gallons of sap to make approximately 1 gallon of maple syrup.
- New Hampshire adopted the first legal lottery in the twentieth century United States in 1963.
There is much more to learn if you visit, and even more if you relocate.